Old World Competition Comes to the New World

Taylor sets up his argument early on in the introduction the chapter eighteen. He lays down the general points of the chapter neatly such as years of important Imperial Wars between the British, Spanish, and French. He also makes a point not to ignore the Indian peoples influences and concerns involving the wars in their regions. The threat of encroachment only worsened as these wars progress and one nation’s supremacy would change the native world forever.

As tensions between European empires rose, war broke out. Different from earlier wars, now battles would take place on New World land which would greatly affect the people living there. The local colonists would be forced to take up arms to defend their land from an enemy that they personally had no quarrel with; such as the defense of Georgia in 1742 from the Spanish. Although, as mentioned by Strauss, the colonists had minor victories when treaties were created the crown stripped colonists of their spoils and created a greater rift between them. These New World conflicts would greatly change the balance of power in these regions.

 

As the wars progressed, it was becoming clear that the British would dominate the majority of the North America region of the New World. This worried native people because without the conflict between the foreigners the British would be able to focus their efforts on expansion. Also the Indians would take advantage of both sides conflict to push back colonists and raid their enemy camps in the neutral region. Thus many natives threw their support to the French in hopes of them maintaining a foothold in the region to give the natives a needed buffer from the British.

With the defeat of New France, the Indians no longer could get the Europeans to fight each other. Without the French, the Indians could not be competitive traders and were abused by colonial traders and the Indians lost the independence they tried to maintain. With the encroachment of settlers, traders, and missionaries, the Indians either rebelled or retreated further inland.