Exam review notes

  • Environmental
    • Start
    • End
    • Turning Points
      • Columbian Exchange
      • Green imperialism
    • Continuity
  • Cultural
    • Start
      • 1434
    • End
    • Turning Points
      • First interactions among Europeans and Native peoples
      • Reformation
      • Discovery of sailing technology
      • African slave trade
    • Continuity
  • Social
    • Start
      • 1434
      • 1492
    • End
    • Turning Points
      • 1441-1446 – Start of the African Slave Trade
      • 1492 – Columbus arrives in the Americas
      • 1519-1520 – Cortez in Mexico
      • 1807 – U.K. abolishes the slave trade
    • Continuity
      • Guardians
      • Suppression of indigenous population
  • Political
    • Start
      • Treaty of Tordesillas
    • End
    • Turning Points
      • Tordesillas
      • Haitian Revolution
      • War 1812
      • American Revolution
    • Continuity
  • Imperialism
    • Start
      • Vikings
      • Climate change in 1300s
    • End
    • Turning Points
      • Charter companies
      • End of the transatlantic slave trade
      • Treaty of Tordesillas
    • Continuity
  • Contact
    • Start
      • 900-1000 Trans-saharan trade brings Islam to Africa
    • End
    • Turning Points
      • Queen Isabella authorizes the use of non-Catholics as slaves
      • Migration to the “new world”
    • Continuity
      • Patterns of Spanish relationships with native peoples



  • Dual Discovery
  • Mercantilist approach
  • Edenic islands
  • Saltwater frontier
  • Sugar islands as colonial model
  • Commodificaiton of enslaved people
  • Mutual misunderstanding

How to login to your subdomain

You can access your subdomain by attaching /wp-admin to the end of your subdomain URL and log in using the username and password you specified when you created the subdomain.

You can also access it by logging into Reclaim hosting, though that takes a few steps:

  1. Go to www.reclaimhosting.com
  2. Click on the “Client Area Login” link


  1. Once you have entered your e-mail address and password, click on the “cpanel” link in the middle of the page


  1. At the very top of the cpanel page, you should see a box labeled “applications.”  In that box, is an icon labeled “My Apps”


  1. On the next page, you will see a series of installations.  To login to the subdomain you have created for this class, scroll down until you see the appropriate URL and click on the link that ends with “wp-admin.”  You will not have to enter another password, and you will have access to your blog!


How to Hyperlink (updated)

When you reference your colleagues’ posts, you should link to them.  In order to create a link:

First, get a URL for the post you want to reference.  The easiest way to do this is to right-click on the title of the post you want to cite, and then select “copy link” or “copy link location” or “copy url”


Then, within your own post, highlight the text that you want made into a hyperlink:


Then, click on the link icon:


Then, enter the URL of the website you want to link to in the box, and hit enter


You now have a hyperlink!

Domains FAQ

Some terminology:

  • Top Level Domain: Sometimes also known as “roots” – these are the highest level in the hierarchical domain system.  Top Level Domains always come at the end of URLs, and include .com, .org, .edu, .usa etc.  For a list of all of the top level domains, see here
  • Subdomain: Technically, every part of a url that is not the top level domain is a subdomain
  • Your Domain: Your domain is technically a “second level” or a “subdomain.” Second level domains typically tell the user the person/company/organisation that owns the address.  In www.google.com, “google” is the second level domain.  In www.wikipedia.com, “wikipedia” is the second level domain
  • Your Subdomain: For this class, you have been asked to create a dedicated subdomain.  When we are talking in class or in meetings, and I say “your subdomain” this is what I am referring to.  It will be something like www.atlantichistory.yourdomain.com.
  • Applications: You can install applications on your domains and subdomains.  However, you can only install one application per subdomain.  Each individual application installed on a subdomain is called an “instance.”  For example, “I see you have a wordpress instance at wwww.courses.shroutdocs.org”
  • WordPress: WordPress is a blogging application.  Like any application, it can be installed.  During the installation, you will be asked to select a user name and password.  That username and password is only for that instance of wordpress.  You will have to set up individual user names and passwords at each wordpress instance (though they can be the same). Once installed, you can work within the application without having to fiddle with the installer.  This is similar to applications you have on your computer or phone – once they are installed via the app store, you don’t need to use the app store to access them.

Primary Source – Week 2

In your groups, discuss this primary source.  In particular, pay attention to:

  1. Who created it?
  2. For what purpose?
  3. Who was the audience?
  4. What does it tell us about European views of Native peoples?
  5. What does it tell us about the experiences of Native peoples? (for this, you will have to consider the most plausible explanation rather than concrete evidence)

The English empire in America: Newfound-land Canada Hudsons Bay &c. in plano